Jul 18, 2022
In Phat Discussions
The South Kaohsiung and North Keelung ports have gone through different periods of development, such as the opening of ports in the Qing Dynasty, the modernization of ports under Japanese rule, and the government's reception, restoration and construction after the war. They have gradually entered the international arena and have successfully played the key hubs of Taiwan's foreign maritime trade. , which has transformed into a dual locomotive for Taiwan's economic and trade development in modern times. Let us review the development of Shuanggang in the past 100 years through the national archives. Keelung Port, which is "surrounded by mountains and photo background removing mountains on three sides and has no native products", was originally a small fishing village mainly focused on fishing and farming. A small fishing port for seasonal fishing of mullet and shelter from the wind. From the middle of the 19th century, Dagou (Kaohsiung), Jilong (Keelung), Anping and Danshui were opened to the outside world under the treaty system. The booming trade in sugar and camphor, and the continuous presence of foreign merchants, gained opportunities for rapid development and became an important port for Taiwan's foreign traffic and trade. In 1885, after Taiwan was established as a province, the first governor, Liu Mingchuan, actively built Taiwan, and rectifying Keelung Port became one of the priorities of his administration. In addition to appointing Lin Weiyuan, the richest man in Taiwan, as the "General Office of Keelung Port Construction", he also hired foreign engineers to carry out the survey and design of the Keelung port. The coast of Taiwan has opened up a new mode of sea-land combined transportation in Taiwan. In 1895, after Japan took possession of Taiwan, Keelung Port was decided by the Japanese cabinet in 1896 to organize the "Keelung Port" because of its advantageous geographical location of "located at the center of the South China Sea", "developed for future colonial industries", and "close to Japan". The Chikang Investigation Committee" established the "Keelung Chikang Investigation Office", and began to conduct meteorological, tidal observation, tidal current, wave force tests, and land and sea surveys. The important task of shipping to connect foreign countries with Japan.